We, the prime ministers of the Visegrad Group countries, meeting in Prague on September 4, 2015 on the occasion of an extraordinary summit of the Visegrad Group to migrate accept the following joint statement:
The Visegrad Group countries expressed deep regret over the loss of lives of thousands of people in the context of the current migration situation in Europe. Stress that migration flows represent a complex and serious challenge for the EU and its Member States. Hungary is among the countries that are most exposed to migratory pressures and affect their impact. The Prime Ministers of the Czech Republic, Poland and the Slovak Republic therefore reaffirms its full support for Hungary in dealing with this challenge. As an expression of its solidarity are the prime ministers of Hungary ready to provide further assistance.
Visegrad countries declare that they will continue to perform its obligations under the EU acquis, including the responsibility to protect the external borders of the EU and the Schengen area. Visegrad countries emphasize that under the current most urgent circumstances, the EU must focus on constructive dialogue leading to effective joint action and to avoid mutual recrimination.
The Visegrad Group countries recognize that all Member States should contribute to finding adequate and effective long-term solution, since migration flows are felt with increasing urgency throughout the Union. In the spirit of shared European values ??of humanism, solidarity and responsibility with the Visegrad countries actively involved in the ongoing process of defining and implementing a series of measures responding to migration challenges.
Visegrad countries constantly stress that causes the effective management of migration flows is a key element. The EU Action Plan contained in the June European Council conclusions in this regard provides a good foundation. Progress in its implementation is not sufficient. Visegrad countries therefore called for its swift implementation. The Visegrad Group countries invited the European Commission to the extraordinary meeting of EU interior ministers on September 14 gave an overview of activities undertaken to date, and to present feasible measures to effectively reduce or stop the "pull" factors.
Visegrad countries declare that they are fully prepared to step up their commitments in this regard and to contribute to joint actions, in particular through:
- Strengthening bilateral assistance schemes, and assistance with particular regard to the countries of transit and origin:
- help particularly vulnerable groups (eg. orphans, people who have suffered injuries, families with children);
- financial and material assistance to countries with significant populations of refugees (Turkey, Jordan, Iraq / Kurdistan, Lebanon, including refugee camps, and transit countries of the Western Balkans);
- Support the strengthening of cooperation with the candidate and potential candidate countries in the context of the accession negotiations;
- relevant projects and programs aimed at stabilizing.
- Provision of experts and equipment for:
- protection of the EU's external borders (including Frontex and bilaterally, the most affected states);
- asylum procedure and the relevant supporting actions (including EASO and called. hotspots);
- assistance to border control and migration management in the Western Balkans.
- The full potential of international development cooperation on migration issues; Visegrad countries will explore the possibility of further increase in bilateral development assistance for countries of origin and transit for the period 2016/17.
- Strengthening financial, technical and expert missions, participation in the Common Security and Defence Policy against networks of smugglers and traffickers.
- Gain punishment and the fight against smugglers and traffickers on the national level as well as the intensification of police cooperation and cooperation of the intelligence services.
- Continue support to the international coalition fighting Da'esh in Iraq and Syria, and funding (political, military and humanitarian) contributing to the efforts of a coalition to stabilize Iraq as tangible forms of sanctioning causes of migratory pressures.
Visegrad countries reiterate that discussions on these issues at EU level should pursue a comprehensive and balanced manner and on the basis of full implementation of the conclusions of the April and the June European Council. The Visegrad Group countries invited the European Commission to mobilize the relevant resources and coordinate actively in all relevant EU policies and instruments so that they can be fully utilized, strengthened, improved and aligned with national policies and instruments.
The Visegrad Group countries are convinced that the main elements of a common EU approach in the coming months should include in particular:
- A quick and full implementation of the conclusions of the European Council.
- Due emphasis to the next dimension of migration challenges - due to the dynamic nature of migration flows should not be an EU approach restricted to the Mediterranean region, but must adequately reflect the migratory route through western Balkans and eastern migratory route, which involves a more balanced distribution of financial aid. Functioning border controls in the Mediterranean region must be improved so as to limit the negative impact on the migration path of the Western Balkans.
- Effective control and protection of external borders of the EU - a joint operation led by Frontex should complement existing national capabilities in the most affected Member States, bearing in mind the fact that the EU legislative framework clearly sets out the responsibilities of each Member State for the protection of the external borders of the EU and the Schengen area by any appropriate means under EU law.
- Fulfillment of legal obligations by all Member States and the responsibility of getting the EU institutions - it concerns the full and accurate fulfillment of existing asylum acquis with particular attention to the Dublin regulation, functioning system for registering and effective return policies, including creating a common list of safe third countries. The European Commission should immediately introduce a proposal that list.
- Maintaining the voluntary nature of EU solidarity measures - and each Member State may build on their experiences, best practices and available resources; principles agreed at the highest political level, including the conclusions of the European Council must be respected; any proposal aiming at introducing mandatory quotas for permanent and solidarity measures would be unacceptable.
- Rapid implementation so. Hotspots in accordance with the conclusions of the June European Council - the so-called. Hotspots should be an integral part of the registration process, documentation, screening (including proper identification of persons who meet the criteria for asylum and economic migrants) and the return of illegal migrants. Creating so. Hotspots must be a top priority in order to ensure rapid implementation of relocation schemes. Other structures on the basis of so-called. Hotspots should be immediately established EU assistance in the most affected transit countries outside the EU along the migration routes of the Western Balkans.
- Step up the fight against organized crime and smuggling - EU and Member States should carry out vigorous action against the organizers of illegal migration based producer of this human tragedy, including existing missions, Common Security and Defence Policy. These efforts should be comprehensive and should include, among other things, a more active approach to the related negotiations at the United Nations.
- Intensify cooperation with the international community on the issue of illegal migration - particularly with the United Nations, the African Union and the Arab League.
- Active contribution towards resolving the situation in Libya, Syria and the Middle East - the EU and Member States should strengthen their diplomatic activities and negotiating efforts on all sides, including the United Nations, leading to a peaceful and lasting solution and subsequent stabilization, rehabilitation and reconstruction. These efforts should be aimed at inclusion of all relevant international actors, including the United States and the Russian Federation.
- Long-term solution to the situation - EU and Member States should increase its development assistance to countries of origin and transit countries, to ensure that assistance is well targeted and results-oriented (conditionality), and call on all relevant actors in the world to join this effort. The EU and Member States should also intensify the countries of origin and transit countries, their cooperation on issues of prevention and fight against illegal migration, as well as in tackling the causes of migration (eg. Projects focusing on education, job creation and small and medium-sized businesses).
- Readmission agreements with key countries should be filled as soon as possible to introduce a common European program of restoration, without delay, under the leadership of Frontex and in direct connection with the emergence of so-called. Hotspots.
- Conference in Budapest, dedicated to the migration route of the Western Balkans conference in Valletta should bring tangible results and lead in this regard for effective action.
This joint declaration will serve as the basis for a coordinated position of the Visegrad Group countries before an extraordinary meeting of EU interior ministers on Sept. 14, 2015, and before the October European Council.